The aim of such procedures is to remove the tissue, structure of which has been changed due to inflammation, along with the subgingival tartar. The next step is to reconstruct the bone and the gum lost due to the disease. This procedure is applied most often in case of fairly advanced periodontal disease.
This procedure is usually carried out through surgical cleaning of the bone, along with removal of the inflammation from the periodontium. Should we not be able to carry it out, the bone would not have any chance of being regenerated, while the advancing periodontal disease may lead to accelerated teeth loss.
Flap procedures are being carried out with the use of local anesthesia. Periodontologist cuts the gum and the mucous tissue in the area close to the bone affected by the inflammation. The dentist exposes the tooth root and the bone of the tooth socket in order to easily access the area of inflammation. With the proper micro-tools, the dentist gets rid of the tissue which is a subject of the inflammation, along with all of the other inflammatory points. Additionally, the operated area is being flushed with a solution of physiological saline or the antibiotics. After such procedure is carried out, the wound is stitched up. The stitches are removed after ca. a week.